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    1. 英語學科網
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      1. clothes, cloth, clothing

      clothes 統指各種衣服,謂語動詞永遠是復數,cloth 指布,為不可數名詞 clothing 服裝的總稱,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of

      2. incident, accident

      incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故 He was killed in the accident.

      3. amount, number

      amount 后接不可數名詞,number 后接可數名詞 a number of students

      4. family, house, home

      home 家,包括住處和家人,house 房子,住宅,family 家庭成員。

      My family is a happy one.

      5. sound, voice, noise

      sound 自然界各種各樣的聲音,voice 人的嗓音,noise 噪音 I hate the loud noise outside.

      6. photo, picture, drawing

      photo 用照相機拍攝的照片,picture 可指相片,圖片,電影片,drawing 畫的畫

      Let's go and see a good picture.

      7. vocabulary, word

      vocabulary 詞匯,一個人擁有的單詞量,word 具體的單詞 He has a large vocabulary.

      8. population, people

      population 人口,人數,people 具體的人 China has a large population.

      9. weather, climate

      weather 一天內具體的天氣狀況,climate 長期的氣候狀況

      The climate here is not good for you.

      10. road, street, path, way

      road 具體的公路,馬路,street 街道,path 小路,小徑,way 道路,途徑

      take this road; in the street, Show me the way to the museum.

      11. course, subject

      course 課程(可包括多門科目),subject 科目(具體的學科)a summer course

      12. custom, habit

      custom 傳統風俗,習俗,也可指生活習慣,后接 to do,habit 生活習慣,習慣成自然,后接of doing.

      I've got the habit of drinking a lot.

      13. cause, reason

      cause 指造成某一事實或現象的直接原因,后接 of sth./doing sth,reason 用來解釋某種現象或結果的理由,后接 for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late

      14. exercise, exercises, practice

      exercise 運動,鍛煉(不可數),exercises 練習(可數),practice(反復做的)練習。

      Practice makes perfect.

      15. class, lesson

      作“課”解時,兩者可以替換。指課文用 lesson. 指班級或全體學生用 class. Lesson 6; Class 5

      16. speech, talk, lecture

      speech 指在公共場所所做的經過準備的較正式的演說,talk 日常生活中的一般的談話,講話,lecture學術性的演講,講課a series of lecture on …

      17. officer, official

      officer 部隊的軍官,official 政府官員 an army officer

      18. work, job

      二者均指工作。work 不可數,job 可數 a good job。

      19. couple, pair

      couple 主要指人或動物,pair 多指由兩部分組成的東西 a pair of trousers

      20. country, nation, state, land

      country 側重指版圖,疆域,nation 指人民,國民,民族,state 側重指政府,政體,land 國土,國家The whole nation was sad at the news.

      21. cook, cooker

      cook 廚師,cooker 廚具 He is a good cook.

      22. damage, damages

      damage 不可數名詞,損害,損失; damages 復數形式,賠償金 $900 damages

      23. police, policeman

      police 警察的總稱,后接復數謂語動詞,policeman 指某個具體的警察 The police are questioning

      everyone in the house.

      24. problem, question

      problem 常和困難連系,前面的動詞常為 think about, solve, raise,question 常和疑問連系,多和ask, answer 連用。

      25. man, a man

      man 人類,a man 一個男人 Man will conquer nature.

      26. chick, chicken

      二者均可指小雞,chicken 還可以當雞肉 The chicken is delicious.

      27. telegram, telegraph

      當電報解時,telegram 指具體的,telegraph 指抽象的 a telegram, by telegraph

      28. trip, journey, travel, voyage

      travel 是最常用的,trip 指短期的旅途,journey 指稍長的旅途,voyage 指海上航行 a three-day trip

      29. sport, game

      sport 多指戶外的游戲或娛樂活動,如打球,游泳,打獵,賽馬等;game 指決定勝負的游戲,通常有一套規則His favorite sport is swimming.

      30. price, prize

      price 價格,prize 獎,獎品,獎金 win the first prize The price is high/low.

      31. a number of, the number of

      a number of 許多,謂語動詞用復數。the number of … 的數目,謂語動詞用單數。The number of students is increasing.

      32. in front of, in the front of

      in front of 范圍外的前面,in the front of 范圍內的前面 In the front of the room sits a boy.

      33. of the day, of a day

      of the day 每一天的,當時的,當代的,of a day 暫時的,不長久的 a famous scientist of the day

      34. three of us, the three of us

      three of us 我們(不止三個)中的三個,the three of us 我們三個(就三個人)The three of us

      --- Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema.

      35. by bus, on the bus

      by bus 表手段,方式,不用冠詞,on the bus 表范圍 They went there by bus.

      36. for a moment, for the moment

      for a moment 片刻,一會兒,for the moment 暫時,一時 Thinking for a moment, he agreed.

      37. next year, the next year

      next year 明年,將來時間狀語,the next year 第二年,過去將來時間狀語

      He said he would go abroad the next year.

      38. more than a year, more than one year

      more than a year 一年多,more than one year 超過一年(兩年或三年等)

      39. take advice, take the(one's) advice

      take advice 征求意見,take the advice 接受忠告 He refused to take the advice and failed again.

      40. take air, take the air

      take air 傳播,走漏,take the air 到戶外去,散步 We take the air every day.

      41. in a word, in words

      in a word 總之,一句話, in words 口頭上 In a word, you are right.

      42. in place of, in the place of

      in place of 代替,in the place of 在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one.

      43. in secret, in the secret

      in secret 秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作狀語;in the secret 知道內情,知道秘密,一般用作表語My mother was in the secret from the beginning.

      44. a girl, one girl

      a girl 可泛指所有女孩, one girl 一個女孩 Can one girl carry such a big box?

      45. take a chair, take the chair

      take a chair 相當于 sit down 坐下,take the chair 開始開會

      46. go to sea, by sea, by the sea

      go to sea出航或是當水手,by sea 經海路,by the sea在海邊

      47. wear, put on, dress

      wear 和 dress 表狀態, wear 接衣服等,可用進行時,dress 接人,be dressed in, put on 表動作

      It's cold outside. Put on your warm clothes.

      48. listen, hear

      listen 強調動作,hear 強調結果 I listened, but I heard nothing.

      49. care about, care for

      care about 關心,計較,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for 關心,照料,喜歡,愿意

      He doesn't care about his clothes. I don't care for movies.

      50. in charge of, in the charge of

      in charge of 管理,負責照料, in the charge of 由……照料

      He is in charge of the matter.

      The matter is in the charge of her.

      51. in class, in the class

      in class 在課上,in the class 在班級里 He is the best student in the class.

      52. on fire, on the fire

      on fire 著火, on the fire 在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.

      53. out of question, out of the question

      out of question 毫無疑問的,out of the question 不可能的

      54. a second, the second

      a second 又一,再一,the second 第…… He won the second prize.

      55. by day, by the day

      by day 白天,by the day 按天計算 The workers are paid by the day.

      56. the people, a people

      the people 指人,a people 指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people.

      57. it, one

      it 同一物體,one 同類不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.

      58. that, this

      that 指代上文所提到的,this 導出下文所要說的 I was ill. That's why ….

      59. none, nothing, no one

      none 強調有多少,nothing, no one 強調有沒有,nothing 指物,no one 指人

      --- How many …/ How much …?

      --- None.

      60. anyone, any one

      anyone 指人,不能接 of,any one 指人物均可,可接 of any one of you

      61. who, what

      who 指姓名或關系,what 指職業或地位 What is your dad? He is a teacher.

      62. what, which

      what 的選擇基礎是無限制的,which 在一定范圍內進行選擇

      Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?

      63. other, another

      other 后接名詞復數,another 后接名詞單數 other students, another student

      64. not a little, not a bit

      not a little 非常,not a bit 一點也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一點兒也不累。

      65. many, much, a lot of

      many 和可數名詞連用,much 和不可數名詞連用,a lot of 可數,不可數均可,但不用于否定句I haven't many books.

      66. much more … than, many more … than

      much more … than 后接形容詞或不可數名詞,many more … than 后接可數名詞 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful

      67. no, not

      no = not a/any no friend = not a/any friend no water = not any water

      68. no more than, not more than

      no more than 相當于 only,僅僅,只有,not more than 至多,不超過

      69. majority, most

      majority 只能修飾可數名詞,most 可數不可數均可 the majority of people

      70. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself

      by oneself 單獨的,獨自的,for oneself 為自己,to oneself 供自己用的,of oneself 自行的,自動的The door opened of itself.

      71. at all, after all

      at all 根本,全然, after all 到底,畢竟 After all he is a child.

      72. tall, high

      tall 常指人或動物,high 常指物體 He is tall.

      73. fast, quickly

      fast 側重于指人或物體具有運動速度快的特點,quickly 側重指某事完成或發生的快run fast, answer the question quickly

      74. high, highly

      high 具體的高,highly 抽象的高,高度的 think highly of

      75. healthy, healthful

      healthy 健康的,健壯的,healthful 有益于健康的 healthful exercise

      76. sleeping, asleep, sleepy

      sleeping 正在睡覺,asleep 睡著,熟睡,只能做表語,sleepy 困的,有睡意的a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.

      77. gold, golden

      gold 指真金制品,golden 指金色的,但金魚用 gold fish, a gold ring

      78. most, mostly

      most 用于表感受的肯定句中,相當于 very,當大部分,大多數解時是形容詞或名詞,mostly 大部分,是副詞 most people, the people are mostly …

      79. just, very

      just 表強調時是副詞,作狀語,very 表強調時是形容詞,用作定語 the very man, just the man

      80. wide, broad

      wide 側重于一邊到另一邊的距離,broad 側重于幅面的寬廣broad shoulders

      81. real, true

      real 真的,真實的,指的是事實上存在而不是想象的,true 真的,真正的,指的是事實和實際情況相符合

      real gold, a true story

      82. respectful, respectable

      respectful 尊敬,有禮貌,respectable 可敬的,值得尊敬的 be respectful to the aged

      83. outwards, outward

      二者均可用作副詞,表示向外,外面,outward 還可用作形容詞 an outward voyage

      84. pleasant, pleased, pleasing

      pleasant 常用作定語,pleased, pleasing 常用作表語,pleased 主語常為人,pleasing 主語常為物 a pleasant trip The trip is pleasing.

      85. understanding, understandable

      understanding 明白事理的,能體諒的,understandable 可理解的,能夠懂的 an understanding girl, an understandable mistake

      86. close, closely

      close 接近,靠近,closely 緊緊地,緊密地 closely connected, stand close

      87. ill, sick

      ill 做表語,sick 定,表均可 a sick boy

      88. good, well

      good 形容詞,well 副詞,但指身體狀況是形容詞 He is well again.

      89. quiet, silent, still

      quiet 安靜的,可以發出小的聲音,silent 不發出聲音,但可以動,still 完全不動,完全無聲響

      He stand there still. 他站在那兒,一動不動,也不說話。

      90. hard, hardly

      hard 努力,hardly 幾乎不 work hard, I can hardly believe it.

      91. able, capable

      able 與不定式 to do 連用,capable 與 of 連用 He is capable of doing …

      92. almost, nearly


      almost nobody

      93. late, lately

      late 遲,晚,lately 最近,近來 I haven't seen him lately.

      94. living, alive, live, lively

      living, alive, live 均為活著的,living 定表均可,alive 定表均可,定語后置,live 只能做定語,lively 意為活波的 all the living people = all the people

      95. excited, exciting

      excited 使人興奮的,exciting 令人興奮的 I'm excited. The news is exciting.

      96. deep, deeply

      deep 具體的深,deeply 抽象的深,深深地 deeply moved, dig deep

      97. aloud, loud

      aloud 出聲地,loud 大聲地 read aloud (出聲地讀)

      98. worth, worthy

      二者均為值得,worth 后接 doing,worthy 后接 to be done

      99 catch a cold, have a cold

      catch a cold 不能和表示“一段時間”的狀語連用,而 have a cold 可以

      She has had a cold for a week.

      100. change for, change into

      change for 調換成,change into 變成

      Change the shirt for a bigger one. Water changes into ice.

      101. continue, last

      二者均為持續,continue 主動,被動均可,last 只能用主動

      The war continued/lasted five years. The story is to be continued.

      102. feed, raise

      feed 喂養,養活,飼養 (to give food to),raise 飼養,養育 (cause to grow, bring up children)

      raise the family

      103. go for a doctor, go to a doctor

      go for a doctor 去請醫生,go to a doctor 去看病

      104. notice, observe, catch sight of

      notice 注意到,observe 觀察,仔細地看,catch sight of 突然看到 observe the stars

      105. insist on, stick to

      insist on 堅持要求,后常接 doing, stick to 堅持, 后常接 sth., stick to the plan

      106. look, seem, appear

      look 指從外表上看,seem 指內心的判斷,appear 指給人以表面的印象 appear wise, look like his father

      107. gather, collect

      gather 把分散的東西集中到一起,collect 指精心地、有選擇地進行收集 collect stamps

      108. mean to do, mean doing

      mean to do 打算,想要做某事,mean doing 意思是,意味著

      By this I mean giving the students more practice.

      109. die from, die of

      die from 表示死于(槍)傷,虛弱,過度勞累,飲食過度等,die of 表示死于疾病,饑餓,寒冷,年老,憂愁,失戀等精神因素die of hunger and cold

      110. pay for, pay back, pay off

      pay for 為…付錢,pay back 還錢,但不一定還清,pay off 還清 pay for the book, pay off the debt

      111. divide, separate

      divide 把一個整體分成幾部分,separate 把連在一起的個體分開

      divide the apple, separate the houses

      112. arrive, get, reach

      arrive 后接 in (大地點),at(小地點),get 不及物動詞后接to,reach 及物動詞

      arrive in Beijing, get to Beijing, reach Beijing

      113. grow, plant

      grow 使某種植物在某地生長著或使其發展下去,plant 移植,移栽已經長成秧苗的植物

      plant the trees, trees are growing

      114. manage, try

      manage to do 設法做成了某事,try to do 盡力去做某事但不一定成功

      He tried to pass the exam, but he failed.

      115. choose, select

      choose 憑個人的判斷力進行選擇,select 有目的地仔細認真地選擇

      choose the best answer

      116. build, put up, set up, found

      build 一般用語,建成,put up 臨時搭建,set up 建成(內部的設施基本齊全),found 國家或組織的建成 put up a tent, set up a school

      117. be familiar to, be familiar with

      be familiar to 某物對某人來說是熟悉的,be familiar with 某人熟悉某物

      The book is familiar to me. I'm familiar with the book.

      118. agree with, agree to, agree on

      agree with 同意某人,agree to 同意某事,agree on 在…上達成一致意見,主語是復數 agree with you, agree to the plan

      119. throw to, throw at

      throw to 扔到……, throw at 朝……扔 He throw a stone at me.

      120. receive, accept

      receive 收到某一東西,但不一定接受,accept 接受 I received a gift, but I didn't accept it.