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    1. 英語學科網
      高中
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      暑期預習 人教版(八上)Unit1課文音頻 知識梳理 詞匯句式精講

      Unit1 單詞

      anyone /'eniw?n/ pron.任何人

      anywhere /'eniwe?(r)/ adv.任何地方

      wonderful /'w?nd?fl/ adj.精彩的;絕妙的

      few/ fju:/adj.&pron.不多;很少

      quite a few相當多;不少(后接可數名詞)

      most /m??st/ adj.,adv.&pron.最多;大多數

      something /'s?mθ??/ pron.某事;某物

      nothing (=not…anything) /'n?θ??/ pron.沒有什么;沒有一件東西

      everyone /'evriw?n/ pron.每人;人人;所有人

      of course /?vk?:s/ 當然;自然

      myself /ma?'self/ pron.我自己;我本人

      yourself /j?:'self/ pron.你自己;您自己

      hen /hen/ n.母雞

      pig /p?g/n.豬

      seem /si:m/ vi.好像;似乎;看來

      bored /b?:d/ adj.厭倦的;煩悶的

      someone /'s?mw?n/ pron.某人

      diary /'da??ri/ n.日記;日記簿(keep a diary)

      activity /?k't?v?ti/ n.活動

      decide /d?'sa?d/ v.決定;選定(decide to do sth.)

      try /tra?/ v.嘗試;設法;努力 (try to do sth. /try doing sth.)

      paragliding /'p?r?ɡla?d??/ n.空中滑翔跳傘

      feel like 給……的感覺;感受到

      bird /b?:d/ n.鳥

      bicycle /'ba?s?kl/ n.自行車;腳踏車

      building /'b?ld??/ n.建筑物;房子

      trader /'tre?d?(r)/ n.商人

      wonder /'w?nd?(r)/ v.想知道;琢磨

      difference /'d?fr?ns/ n.差別;差異

      top /t?p/ n.頂部;表面

      wait /we?t/ v.等待;等候(wait for)

      umbrella /?m'brel?/ n.傘;雨傘

      wet /wet/ adj.濕的;雨天的

      because of因為

      below /b?'l??/ prep.&adv.在……下面;到……下面

      enough /?'n?f/ adj.足夠的(地)adv.充足的(地);充分的(地)

      hungry /'h??ɡri/ adj.饑餓的

      as /?z/ conj.像……一樣;如同

      hill /h?l/ n.小山;山丘

      duck /d?k/ n.鴨

      dislike /d?s'la?k/v.&n.不喜愛(的事物);厭惡(的事物)

      Central Park 中央公園(美國紐約)

      HuangguoshuWarterfall /'w?:t?(r)f?:l/ 黃果樹瀑布(貴州)

      HongKong /,h??'k??/,/'ha:?,ka:?/香港(中華人民共和國特別行政區)

      Malaysia /m?'le???/馬來西亞;

      Malaysian /m?'le??n/adj.馬來西亞的;n.馬來西亞人;

      Georgetown /?d??:d?ta?n/喬治市(馬來西亞)

      Weld /weld/ Quay /ki:/ 海墘街

      Penang /p??n??/ Hill 檳城山(馬來西亞)

      Tian'anmen Square /skwe?/,/skwer/天安門廣場

      the Palace /?p?l?s/ Museum 故宮博物院

      Mark /mɑ:(r)k/馬克(男名)

      Unit1 知識梳理

      Unit1. Where did you go on vacation?

      【重點短語】

      1. go on vacation 去度假

      2. stay at home 呆在家

      3. go to the mountains 上山/進山

      4. go to the beach 到海邊去

      5. visit museums 參觀博物館

      6. go to the summer camp 去夏令營

      7. quite a few 相當多

      8. study for為…… 學習,

      9. go out 出去

      10. most of the time 大部分時間/絕大多數時間

      11. taste good 嘗起來味道好

      12. have a good time 玩的開心

      13. of course 當然可以

      14. feel like 感覺像……/想要

      15. go shopping 去購物

      16. in the past 在過去

      17. walk around 繞……走

      18. too many 太多(可數名詞前面)

      19. because of 因為

      20. one bowl of 一碗……

      21. find out 查出來/發現

      22. go on 繼續

      23. take photos 照相

      24. something important 重要的事情

      25. up and down 上上下下

      26. come up 出來

      【重點句型】

      1. —Where did you go on vacation? 你到哪里去度假了?

      —I went to New York City. 我去了紐約城。

      2. —Did you go out with anyone? 你出去帶人嗎?

      —No, No one was here. Everyone was on vacation.

      不,沒有人在這兒。大家度去度假了。

      3. —Did you buy anything special? 你買了什么特別的東西嗎?

      —Yes, I bought something for my father. 對,我給父親買了一些東西。

      4. —How was the food? 食物怎么樣?

      —Everything tasted really good.每一樣東西真的都好吃。

      5. —Did everyone have a good time?大家玩的開心嗎?

      —Oh, yes. Everything was excellent.對,一切都很精彩。

      6. There was nothing much to do in the evening but read.

      晚上除了讀書以外無事可做。

      Unit1 詞匯精講

      1. anywhere

      anywhere是副詞,意為“在任何地方”,常用在否定句或疑問句中,而在肯定句中,則多用somewhere。例如:

      He can’t find his English book anywhere.

      他到處找不到他的英語書。

      I think he must live somewhere.

      我覺得他肯定住在某個地方。

      2. few

      few 意為“少數的;很少的”,只修飾可數名詞,表否定含義。例如:

      I can see few birds in the tree. 我幾乎看不到樹上有鳥。

      a few 意為“幾個;少許” 相當于several,只修飾可數名詞復數,表肯定含義。例如:

      He has a few friends. 他有幾個朋友。

      【拓展】

      (1) little 意為“很少;一點兒”,用于 “量;額;價值”等概念,修飾不可數名詞,表否定含義。little還表示“小的”之意。例如:

      There is little milk in the cup. 杯子里沒有牛奶了。

      A little boy is coming. 一個小男孩過來了。

      (2) a little 意為“有點兒;少量” 修飾不可數名詞,表示肯定含義。例如:

      He has a little money with him. 他隨身帶了點兒錢。

      a little也可以用作副詞,修飾形容詞、副詞、動詞以及介詞短語,表示“有點,稍稍”。例如:

      He is a little tired. 他有點累了。

      You should walk a little faster. 你應該走快一點。

      She was only a little over fifty years old.她才五十多一點。

      (3) 相關短語:

      quite a few = not a few 相當多的

      quite a little許多

      only a little = but a little 相當少

      3. most

      (1) most后可直接跟名詞(可數或不可數),同時,也可接有形容詞修飾的名詞。例如:

      Most boys like playing football. 大部分男孩都喜歡踢足球。

      (2) most前有定冠詞時,可用來修飾多音節形容詞,表示最高級,意為“最”。但是,如果most前有不定冠詞a,則表示“非常;很”,相當于very。例如:

      This is the most beautiful flower. 這是最漂亮的花。

      She is a most beautiful girl. 她是個非常漂亮的姑娘。

      (3) most后不能直接跟有定冠詞、指示代詞或物主代詞所修飾的名詞,用most of代替most。例如:

      I did most of that difficult work. 那件困難的工作絕大部分都是由我做的。

      Most of the time we eat fish. 絕大部分時間我們都吃魚肉。

      【拓展】

      (1) almost = very nearly,指在程度上相差很少,almost可與no,none,nothing,never,nobody等表示否定意義的詞連用。例如:

      I almost missed the flight.我差一點誤了航班。

      Almost no one believed what he said.

      幾乎沒人相信他的話。

      (2) mostly=mainly 意為“大部分、主要地”。例如:

      The students in our class are mostly from the factory.

      我們班的學生主要來自這家工廠。

      His stories were mostly about his travels in foreign countries.

      他的故事大多是關于他在國外旅游的經歷

      4. bored

      bored也是形容詞,意為“感到厭煩的”,一般用來說明人的感受。例如:

      I’m bored with the book. 我對這本書厭煩了。

      【拓展】

      (1) boring是形容詞,意為“令人厭煩的”,一般用來說明事物的特征。例如:

      The story is boring. 這個故事令人厭煩。

      (2) 英語中,帶-ing的形容詞,用來形容事物,指某事物的性質、特征,意為“令人……的”“讓人……的”,常用事物作主語或作定語修飾物。而帶-ed的是用來形容人的,意為“感到……的”“使人……的”,其主語是人,類似的詞有:

      exciting 令人興奮的 excited (人)感到興奮的

      interesting 令人感興趣的 interested(人)感興趣的

      moving 令人感動的 moved(人)感動的

      tiring 令人厭倦的 tired(人)感到疲倦/累/厭煩的

      5. decide

      decide是動詞,意為“決定,選定”。常見用法有:

      (1) decide sth.意為“決定某事”。 例如:

      I can’t decide anything at the moment.

      現在我不能做出任何決定。

      (2) decide to do sth. 意為“決定做某事”。例如:

      We decide to go to Paris next month.

      我們決定下個月去巴黎。

      The boy decided to be a sailor. 那男孩決定做海員。

      The doctors decided to operate on him for the tumor.

      醫生們決定為他開刀切除腫瘤。

      【拓展】

      decide on…意為“由……決定;決定于……”。后面接名詞、代詞或動名詞作賓語。例如:

      I decided on going to Beijing at last.

      最后我決定去北京了。

      My mother decided on the red dress.

      我媽媽決定買下那件紅色的裙子。

      6. enough

      (1) enough作形容詞,意為“充足的,充分的,足夠的”,可作表語或定語,作定語時,可放在名詞的前面或后面。例如:

      The food is enough for the trip. 用于這次旅行的食物足夠了。

      I have enough time to watch TV. 我有足夠的時間看電視。

      (2) enough還可作副詞,意為“足夠地”,這時enough需放在所修飾的形容詞或副詞后面。例如:

      The young man is strong enough to carry the heavy bag.

      那個年輕人足夠強壯能搬動重包。

      【拓展】

      (1) enough…to do sth. “有足夠的……做某事”。例如:

      I don’t have enough time to eat lunch.

      我沒有足夠的時間吃午飯。

      (2) …enough to do…可以同too…to…或so…that…結構互相轉換。例如:

      He isn’t old enough to go to school.

      = He is too young to go to school.

      = He is so young that he can’t go to school.

      他太小而不能上學。

      7. seem

      seem是系動詞,意為“好像,似乎,看來”,后常接形容詞。例如:

      He seems very angry. 他好像非常生氣。

      【拓展】

      seem的用法歸納:

      (1) seem + 名詞 例如:

      He seems a nice man. 他看起來是個好人。

      (2) seem like…意為“好像,似乎……”。 例如:

      It seemed like not a bad idea at that time.

      那時這主意好像不錯。

      (3) seem to do sth. 意為“似乎、看來、好像做某事”。例如:

      I seem to have left my book at home.

      我好像把書忘在家里了。

      (4) It seems that…或It seemed that…意為“看起來好像……,似乎……”。例如:

      It seemed that he was very happy.

      他看上去好像很高興。

      (5) seem to be + 形容詞或名詞 例如:

      She seems to be happy. 她看起來很高興。

      8. try

      try to do sth. 意為“設法去做某事,盡量去做某事”,其否定形式為try not to do sth.。例如:

      Try not to be late again. 盡量別再遲到了。

      Try to get here in two hours. 盡量在兩小時之內到達。

      【拓展】

      (1) try doing sth. 意為“試著做某事”,強調嘗試做某事。例如:

      You should try eating more vegetables.

      (2) try one’s best to do sth. 意為“盡某人最大努力做某事”。例如:

      We should try our best to finish the work on time.

      (3) try 構成的短語:

      try sth. on 試穿

      try out sth. 試驗、檢驗

      have a try 試一試

      try for sth. 試圖獲得某物

      try one’s best 盡某人最大努力

      Unit1 句式精講

      1. Did you do anything special last month?

      本句是一個一般過去時的一般疑問句,其中的anything special意為“任何特別的事”,special是形容詞,修飾anything。形容詞修飾不定代詞時要后置。例如:

      Can you tell something interesting? 你能講些有趣的事情嗎?

      Is there anybody important here? 這兒有大人物嗎?

      Would you like something to eat? 要來些吃的東西嗎?

      【拓展】復合不定代詞的用法:

      (1) 復合不定代詞是由some-,any-,no-,every-加上-one,-body,-thing等所組成的不定代詞。復合不定代詞包括 something, somebody, someone, anything, anybody, anyone, nothing, nobody, no one, everything, everybody, everyone 等十二個。這些復合代詞具有名詞性質,在句中可用作主語、賓語或表語,但不能用作定語。

      (2)復合不定代詞通常被看成是單數第三人稱。當它們充當句子的主語時,其后的謂語動詞用單數形式。例如:

      Is everyone here today? 今天,大家都到齊了嗎?

      Nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it.

      世上無難事,只怕有心人。

      (3) 由some-和any-所構成的復合不定代詞(即something和anything;someone和anyone;somebody和anybody)之間的區別跟some和any的區別一樣。

      1) something,someone,somebody通常用于肯定句中,而anything,anyone,anybody一般用于否定句,疑問句或條件狀語從句中。例如:

      He found something strange but interesting.

      Do you have anything to say ?你有話要說嗎?

      I didn’t meet anybody on the island.

      在島上,我沒遇見任何人。

      2) 在表示請求、邀請、提建議等帶有委婉語氣的疑問句,和希望得到對方肯定答復的疑問句,以及表示反問的問句中,也用something,someone,somebody等復合不定代詞。例如:

      Would you like something to eat?要些吃的東西嗎?

      Isn’t there something wrong with you? 難道你沒問題嗎?

      3) 當anything表示“任何事(物),無論何事(物)”,anyone,anybody表示“無論誰,任何人”等意義時,它們也可以用于肯定句中。例如:

      Anything is OK. 什么都行。

      Anybody knows the answer.任何人都知道答案。

      口訣:

      2. Yes, I bought something for my father.

      本句中用了buy sth. for sb.的句型。buy sth. for sb.意為“給某人買某物”,也可用buy sb. sth,即buy后跟雙賓語,sb. 指人是間接賓語,sth.指物是直接賓語。例如:

      He bought me a present. = He bought a present for me.

      他給我買了一份禮物。

      【拓展】

      英語中帶雙賓語的動詞,如果把直接賓語置于間接賓語之前,必須加上to或for。常見的此種用法的動詞分兩類:

      (1) 動詞buy; draw; make等可跟雙賓語,當直接賓語前置時,必須在間接賓語前加for,即:

      buy/draw/make sth. for sb. 例如:

      Mother made a pair of trousers for her son.

      (2) 動詞give; pass; lend; write; show; send; hand和bring接雙賓語,當直接賓語前置時,需在間接賓語前加to構成。即:give/ pass/ lend… sth. to sb. 例如:

      I’ll send it to you. 我會把它送給你的。

      【注意】上述能接雙賓語的動詞,一般情況下兩種形式可以互換,即vt. + sb. + sth. = vt. + sth. for(to) sb.。但當直接賓語是代詞時,不論間接賓語是何種詞性,只能用vt. + sth.(代詞) + for(to) sb.

      3. Everything tasted really good!

      本句中的taste在此是系動詞,意為“嘗起來”,后面接形容詞作表語。例如:

      The food tastes good. 食物嘗起來很香。

      (1) look,sound,smell,taste,feel這五個動詞都與人的感覺有關,可稱之為“感官”動詞。

      這五個動詞均可作系動詞,后面接形容詞作表語,說明主語所處的狀態。其意思分別為“看/聽/聞/嘗/摸起來……”。除look之外,其它幾個動詞的主語往往是物,而不是人。例如:

      The old man looks very happy. 那個老人看起來很幸福。

      These flowers smell very sweet. 這些花聞起來很香。

      The tomatoes feel very soft. 這些西紅柿摸起來很軟。

      (2) look,sound,smell,taste,feel這些動詞后面也可接介詞like短語,like后面常用名詞。

      Her idea sounds like fun. 她的主意聽起來很有趣。

      4. …because there were too many people.

      too many在句中作形容詞,意為“許多,大量”,后接可數名詞。例如:

      There are too many books in the room. You can choose any one to read.

      房間里有太多的書了,你可以選擇任何一本來讀。

      【拓展】too much / too many / much too的辨析:

      Don’t eat too much sweet. It’s bad for your teeth.

      不要吃太多的糖,對牙齒不好。

      It’s much too cold outside. You should put on your coat.

      I had too much. I’m full now. 我吃的太多了,現在飽了。

      You ask too many questions. 你問得太多了。


      5. And because of the bad weather, we couldn’t see anything below.

      本句中的because of 是復合介詞,其后接名詞、代詞、動名詞、what 從句等。例如:

      He lost his job because of his age.

      由于年齡關系他失去了工作。

      He knew she was crying because of what he had said.

      【拓展】because和because of的辨析:

      (1) because of和because是同義詞,都可以表示原因,但是,because后面接句子,常用來回答why的提問,一般放于主句之后,也可以單獨存在;而because of的后面用名詞、代詞或者動名詞短語形式。例如:

      I stayed at home because it rained.

      Because Lingling was ill, she didn’t come to school.

      — Why is she absent? 她為什么缺席?

      — Because she is sick. 因為她病了。

      We couldn’t have the sports meeting last Sunday because of the rain.
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